Resources and references

Below are links to informative items compiled by Society for American Sovereignty TM. This list is by no means complete - it is presented as basic information.

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  • U.S. under U.N. law in health emergency - Bush's SPP power grab sets stage for military to manage flu threats by Jerome R. Corsi, WorldNetDaily (August 28, 2007)

    "The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America summit in Canada released a plan that establishes U.N. law along with regulations by the World Trade Organization and World Health Organization as supreme over U.S. law during a pandemic and sets the stage for militarizing the management of continental health emergencies."

  • 2007 House Concurrent Resolution 40, Sponsor: Rep. Virgil Goode (R-VA).

    Expressing the sense of Congress that the United States should not engage in the construction of a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Superhighway System or enter into a North American Union with Mexico and Canada.

  • Hunter NAFTA Super Highway passes House.
  • Components of the North American Community already have been incorporated into several recent pieces of propsed Federal legislation - see details.
  • North American Investment Fund Act (Introduced in Senate) (October 7, 2004)

    Pastor said Senator John Cornyn, known as a conservative Republican, had introduced his North American Investment Fund as a bill in Congress but had backed away from it under conservative fire.

  • North American Cooperative Security Act H.R. 2672 and S. 853 (109th Congress). Also see more info, bill summary. See the article Bush sneaking North American super-state without oversight? - Mexico, Canada partnership underway with no authorization from Congress? by Jerome R. Corsi, WorldNetDaily (June 13, 2006)

    "To direct the Secretary of State to establish a program to bolster the mutual security and safety of the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and for other purposes.


    The Secretary of State shall enhance the mutual security and safety of the United States, Canada, and Mexico by providing a framework for better management, communication, and coordination between the governments of such countries....


    E) developing and implementing a North American immigration security strategy that works toward the development of a common security perimeter by enhancing technical assistance for programs and systems to support advance automated reporting and risk targeting of international passengers;...


Letters from Congress concerning the SPP

2007 State Legislation opposing the SPP

Informational articles

  • 'Directo a Mexico', by Leo Sears, Times-Standard Online (February 23, 2007)

    "The Federal Reserve program 'Directo a Mexico' (Direct to Mexico) was created by a presidential directive under the U.S. Mexico Partnership for Prosperity, and is designed to facilitate the transfer of funds from Mexican immigrant workers in the U.S. -- 'regardless of their legal status.'"

  • North American Union Isn't Going Away, by Jerome R. Corsi, Human Events Online (January 9, 2007). Includes interview with Robert Pastor, author of "Towards a North American Community"
  • Opening the Border, PBS News Hour with Jim Lehrer, (August 25, 2000)

    "Mexico's president-elect Vicente Fox has proposed opening the border between his country and the U.S.... Mexico's president-elect, Vicente Fox, has spent the past week in Canada and the U.S. outlining his vision for a more integrated North America. Perhaps most provocative was his proposal to open the U.S.-Mexican border once the wage disparity between the two is narrowed. Fox spoke on the NewsHour last night."

Books, publications, and studies

  • Toward a North American Community: Lessons from the Old World for the New, by Robert A. Pastor, ISBN 0-88132-328-4 (2001) * Robert A. Pastor is Professor of International Relations and Director of the Center for North American Studies at American University. See the article Meet Robert Pastor: Father of the North American Union, by Jerome R. Corsi, Human Events (July 25, 2006). Also see more info.

    "In chapter 7, I address the question of whether the entire exercise is quixotic. A trilateral approach has often foundered on the preference of Canada and Mexico for bilateralism and the United States disposition to go it alone. I offer some ideas for how the government can be reorganized to consider a trilateral approach. But are the governments ready to give up their sovereignty and develop common approaches? Are they prepared to establish new common institutions?"

    Editorial Review from the book jacket:

    " ...The centerpiece of the book is a detailed proposal and specific recommendations for new institutions and "North American policies," including plans for infrastructure and transportation, immigration and customs, a unified currency, and projects aimed to lift the poorer regions. The author addresses issues of sovereignty and national interest and concludes with a look ahead toward a Free Trade Area of the Americas.

    This book is the first of its kind to propose a detailed approach to a North American Community - different from the European Common Market but drawing lessons from its experience. It will be of considerable interest for policymakers in the region as well as researchers and students of international political economy, world trade, and foreign affairs."

    About the Author: Robert Pastor is the Goodrich C. White Professor of Political Science at Emory University. From 1985-98, he was a fellow at the Carter Center and founding director of the Latin American and Caribbean Program, the Democracy Program, and the China Elections Project. Combining a career of scholarship and policymaking in government and nongovernmental organizations, Dr. Pastor served as national security advisor on Latin America (1977-81) and organized international delegations to mediate elections in 20 countries, including Mexico. Dr. Pastor was a Fulbright Professor in Mexico and the Straus Visiting Professor at Harvard University. He has written 13 books, including Exiting the Whirlpool: U.S. Foreign Policy Toward Latin America and the Caribbean (Westview Press, 2001).

  • How to understand Globalization, The August Review

    How to understand Globalization

    1. Follow the money, follow the power
    2. Discern illusion from reality, especially with media outlets
    3. Listen to experts who offer a meaningful critique
    4. Study & verify sources and footnotes
    5. Apply liberal doses of common sense

    What is Globalization? It is the collective effect of purposeful and amoral manipulation that seeks to centralize economic, political, technological and societal forces in order to accrue maximum profit and political power to global banks, global corporations and the elitists who run them.

  • Building a North American Community Council: Report of an Independent Task Force, by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), ISBN 0876093489 (2005) *

    The Council on Foreign Realtions Independent Task Force on the Future of North America Task Force Members include: Pedro Aspe, Thomas S. Axworthy, Heidi S. Cruz, Nelson W. Cunningham, Thomas P. d’Aquino, Alfonso de Angoitia, Luis de la Calle Pardo, Wendy K. Dobson, Richard A. Falkenrath, Rafael Fernandez de Castro, Ramón Alberto Garza, Gordon D. Giffin, Allan Gotlieb, Michael Hart, Carlos Heredia, Carla A. Hills, Gary C. Hufbauer, Pierre Marc Johnson, James R. Jones, Chappell H. Lawson, John P. Manley, David McD. Mann, Doris M. Meissner, Thomas M.T. Niles, Beatriz Paredes, Robert A. Pastor, Andrés Rozental, Luis Rubio, Jeffrey J. Schott, William F. Weld, Raul H. Yzaguirre.

    From the forward:

    "The Task Force offers a detailed and ambitious set of proposals that build on the recommendations adopted by the three governments at the Texas summit of March 2005. The Task Force’s central recommendation is establishment by 2010 of a North American economic and security community, the boundaries of which would be defined by a common external tariff, and an outer security perimeter."

  • Behind Closed Doors - What they're not telling us about the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America, The Council of Canadians (August, 2007)
  • Encyclopedia of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the New American Community and Latin-American Trade, by Jerry M. Rosenburg, Greenwood Press, ISBN 0313290695 (November 30, 1994)
  • The Security and Prosperity Partnership - Its Immigration Implications, by James R. Edwards, Jr., Ph.D., NumbersUSA; originally published by the Center for Immigration Studies (June 2007) (view pdf).
  • SPP and the Way Forward for North American Integration, by Stephen Blank, Stephanie R. Golob, and Guy Stanley, McGill University,Lubin School of Business, Pace University (2006)

    "...despite this mix of genuine grievances and political posturing, we saw substantial movement toward a more efficient North American economic system. Reports from the Security and Prosperity Partnership Working Groups set up after the Bush-Fox- Martin meeting in Waco, Texas, illustrated a wide array of activities under the politicojournalistic radar. Perhaps more important are the myriad of business- and community-driven initiatives underway to expand and improve cross-border links... The time has come to examine carefully what is happening in North America, to explore what our interests are in this emerging continental system, and to open a dialogue about different, even competing, visions of North America."

  • The Metamorphosis and Sabotage of Canada by Our Own Government - The North American Union, Canadian Action Party

    The North American continent is being transformed from three sovereign nations (Canada, USA, Mexico) into one regional corporate power base, the North American Union. Unlike the creation of the European Union, there is no public political/academic discourse on the merits, or pros and cons of a North American Union building up to a vote within each nation as to the wish of the people to join such a union. Instead the union is being created by stealth, is already well on its way to fruition, and is being imposed on us by our own elected representatives and government with no opposition.

    The driving forces are corporate and military. The Chief Executive Officers of the most powerful corporations operating in the three countries want this union and have been working for some time devising their strategies and goals. Their facilitators are first, unelected officials and bureaucrats who move easily between corporations and government; second, former elected officials like John Manley , former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada; third, the heads of the three nations, Martin, Bush, and Fox; and finally, the governments and the rest of the elected members who apparently just rubber stamp what is put in front of them by the unelected officials- few questions, if any asked.

    The ultimate enforcement mechanism for the North American Union is a police state.

    The tools for the police state are "anti-terrorist" laws.

    Anti Terrorist laws are a ruse to strip the citizens of civil liberties in order to prevent dissent against the police state.

    The Orwellian justification is "security", "safety".

  • North American Future 2025 Project, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) (July-September, 2007)
  • Backgrounder: The North American Future 2025 Project, The Council of Canadians

    "Under the title North American Future 2025 Project, the U.S. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), in collaboration with the Conference Board of Canada and Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE), is currently holding a series of 'closed-door roundtable sessions' with government 'practitioners' and private sector 'stakeholders' in order to 'strengthen the capacity of Canadian, U.S., and Mexican administration officials and that of their respective legislatures to analyze, comprehend, and anticipate North American integration'."

  • The Future of North American Integration: Beyond NAFTA, by Peter Hakim and Robert E. Litan, ISBN 0815733984 (2002) *
  • The Security and Prosperity Partnership - Its Immigration Implications, by James R. Edwards, Jr., Ph.D., Center for Immigration Studies (June, 2007) *
  • Canadians in the Dark About SPP Union with the USA and Mexico, by Kevin Parkinson, (July 23, 2007)
  • Deep Integration - a timeline, Council of Canadians *
  • Timeline of the Progress Toward a North American Union, GNN (August 31, 2006) *
  • North American Economic Integration: Theory and Practice, by Norris C. Clement, William A. Kerr, Alan J. MacFadyen, Stanford Shedd, James A. Gerber, ISBN 1840644125 (January, 1999) *
  • The Rebordering of North America: Integration and Exclusion in a New Security Context, by Peter Andreas and Thomas J. Biersteker, ISBN 041594466X (2003)
  • Enhancing Competitiveness In Canada, Mexico, and the United States: Private-Sector Priorities for the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP)
  • Initial Recommendations of the North American Competitiveness Council (NACC) , U.S. Chamber of Commerce (2007)
  • Secret Banff Meeting of CEOs and the Defense Establishment: Militarization and the Deconstruction of North America, by Michel Chossudovsky, Global Research (September 19, 2006)
  • The Plan to Integrate the U.S., Mexico and Canada, Phyllis Schlafley report (July, 2005) *

    This CFR document, called "Building a North American Community," asserts that George W. Bush, Mexican President Vicente Fox, and Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin "committed their governments" to this goal when they met at Bush's ranch and at Waco, Texas on March 23, 2005. The three adopted the "Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America" and assigned "working groups" to fill in the details.

    It was at this same meeting, grandly called the North American summit, that President Bush pinned the epithet "vigilantes" on the volunteers guarding our border in Arizona.

    A follow-up meeting was held in Ottawa on June 27, where the U.S. representative, Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff, told a news conference that "we want to facilitate the flow of traffic across our borders." The White House issued a statement that the Ottawa report "represents an important first step in achieving the goals of the Security and Prosperity Partnership."

  • NAFTA Revisited: Achievements and Challenges (Institute for International Economics) (Institute for International Economics), by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Jeffrey J. Schott, Jeffrey J. Schott, Paul L. Grieco, Yee Wong, ISBN 0881323349 (2005)
  • Panel Urges Greater North American Integration, (2005)
  • Nafta's Impact On North America: The First Decade, by Sidney Weintraub, ISBN 089206451X (2004)
  • North American Integration Monitor, Center for Strategic & International Studies
  • A Background Paper for The Trilateral Commission - North American regional meeting, Toronto, by Wendy Dobson (2002)
  • Canada-U.S. Partnership Forum Report: Building a Border for the 21st Century, U.S. State Department, Report submitted to President William J. Clinton and Prime Minister Jean Chretien by Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright and Foreign Minister John Manley; As released by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (December 2000)
  • "Open Nafta Borders? Why Not?" Here's why not: July Fourth in Post-America, by Mark Krikorian, National Review Online (July 3, 2001)
  • The North American Integration Regime and its Implications for the World Trading System, by Frederick M. Abbott, NY School of Law (1999)
  • Trilateralism the Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management, by Holly Sklar, ISBN 0896081036 (1980)
  • Enhancing Competitiveness In Canada, Mexico, and the United States: Private-Sector Priorities for the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP) - Initial Recommendations of the North American Competitiveness Council (NACC), U.S. Chamber of Commerce (February, 2007)

    Excerpt: "The first priority, improving the secure flow of goods and people within North America, is essential to the global competitiveness of enterprises in all three countries. Because production patterns within North America have become so closely integrated, any tightening of the borders between Canada, Mexico, and the United States threatens to erode the North American advantage created by the NAFTA. Goods imported into North America from overseas face customs inspection only once; goods produced and sold within the region, however, typically must cross borders many times as value is added to raw materials that eventually become finished goods."

    Since 1993, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has contributed significantly to the economic competitiveness of Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Economic competition, however, has continued to intensify globally as emerging powers such as China and India transform patterns of trade and investment worldwide. Within this context, North American companies are experiencing intense pressure to remain competitive. It is vital to ensure that the necessary focus since 2001 on increasing security does not undermine the economic efficiencies created by the NAFTA.

    To address this critical strategic challenge, the Leaders of Canada, Mexico, and the United States in 2005 launched the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP); and at their summit in Cancún in March 2006 they agreed that greater private sector engagement would help the three governments in their efforts to enhance North American competitiveness through the SPP. The creation of the North American Competitiveness Council (NACC) reflects the recognition that private sector involvement is a key step to enhancing North America’s competitive position in global markets and is the driving force behind innovation and growth.

    The trilateral NACC was given a mandate to propose concrete recommendations on issues of immediate importance as well as strategic medium- and long-term advice to security and prosperity ministers and to the Leaders...

  • Make Fair Trade Fair - Regional Trade Agreements, Oxfam (undated)

    "The beginnings of immigration are in the displacement of farmers in Mexico.... An estimated 1.5 million agricultural jobs have been lost since NAFTA"

  • NAFTA and Globalization Destroying Canadian and Mexican Farmers, Agribusiness Examiner (December 2, 2002)

    "Between 1981 and 2001, the number of farms in Canada declined from 318,361 to 246,923, a drop of 22%. In just the past five years (1996 to 2001), Canada lost 11% of its farmers. The farm income crisis has decimated many rural communities. The profits in the food production system are increasingly going to transnationals with head offices in distant (and mostly foreign) cities.

    "The farm crisis in Canada and around the world is caused by the corporate-driven extraction of wealth from the rural areas.

  • Americas Policy Report The Mexican Farmers' Movement: Exposing the Myths of Free Trade, by Laura Carlsen, International Forum on Globalization (February 25, 2003)

    "The reemergent Mexican farmers' movement reflects not only the serious crisis in the country's rural sector but also a crisis of faith in free trade itself. With the common slogan 'El campo no aguanta más' (The countryside can't take it anymore), a wide range of rural organizations have set off a national debate on NAFTA. As a result, some of the fundamental myths of the free trade model are being questioned as never before in Mexico."

* We regard these to be the most important publications to begin your education on the coming attempt to integrate the three nations of North America.

Documents and data